“It is not our goal to recreate the human mind — that’s not what we’re trying to do. What we’re more interested in are the techniques of interacting with humans that inspire creativity in humans,” says Rob High, IBM Watson.
Any form of “creativity” is embedded into art, design & science, we often tend to label “creative minds” as something to do with “artistic qualities or being sporadic”. Albert Einstein inspired a paradigm shift in physics not as a scientist but as an artist.
Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Internet of Things, Quantum Computing, will strengthen human creativity in the future.
Einstein may have been a practicing scientist with a focus on theoretical physics, but that doesn’t mean that he wasn’t also an artist. In fact, we can easily argue that more of his success was attributed to his “creativity” than it was to his underlying knowledge of the field.
Being “creative” simply about producing, and the quality of what you produce is largely dependent on creativity. In 1902, Einstein got a job at a Swiss patent office. He had searched for a teaching position in the preceding years with little luck. This forced him into an inopportune and uninspiring place relative to his interest in physics.
During his time there, however, he chose to manage his day so that he had a disciplined balance between the hours he spent on the job and the hours he dedicated to scientific work. He was deliberate in his commitment to creation, led to the Annus Mirabilis papers. Scientists call it the miracle year. It would inspire the formulation of the two fundamental theories in physics: the theory of general relativity and quantum mechanics.
Imagination is more important than knowledge. Knowledge is limited. Imagination encircles the world.
— Albert Einstein
Inspiration doesn’t just strike for no reason
Creativity is a process. Even the seemingly sporadic insights— rely on what came before them. Inspiration doesn’t just strike for no reason. It relies on a consistent pattern of work, reading, that sometimes manifests itself in the form of those rare moments.
Experts point out that teaching computers to be creative is inherently different from the way humans learn to create, although there’s still much we don’t yet know about our own creative methodology.
Creativity is simply about producing something using a combination of the existing elements of your reality.
Creativity may be the ultimate moonshot for artificial intelligence. Already AI has helped write pop ballads, mimicked the styles of great painters and informed creative decisions in filmmaking. Experts wonder, however, how far AI can or should go in the creative process.
It’s easy for AI to come up with something novel just randomly. But it’s very hard to come up with something that is novel and unexpected and useful.
— John Smith, IBM Research
But even highly touted AI techniques have their limitations. “Creativity and where we started exploring with the Morgan movie is fascinating because deep learning isn’t the answer to creativity,” says IBM’s Smith.